Event

Sep 09, 2019 3:00 pm - Nielsen Hall 365 - HEP Journal Club
Daniel Vagie
Connecting the Higgs Potential and Primordial Black Holes

Based on https://arxiv.org/pdf/1909.00773.pdf
Abstract:
It was recently demonstrated that small small black holes can act as seeds for nucleating decay of the metastable Higgs vacuum, dramatically increasing the tunneling probability. Any primordial black hole lighter than 4.5×1014g at formation would have evaporated by now, and in the absence of new physics beyond the standard model, would therefore have entered the mass range in which seeded decay occurs, however, such true vacuum bubbles must percolate in order to completely destroy the false vacuum; this depends on the bubble number density and the rate of expansion of the universe. Here, we compute the fraction of the universe that has decayed to the true vacuum as a function of the formation temperature (or equivalently, mass) of the primordial black holes, and the spectral index of the fluctuations responsible for their formation. This allows us to constrain the mass spectrum of primordial black holes given a particular Higgs potential and conversely, should we discover primordial black holes of definite mass, we can constrain the Higgs potential parameters.